Kidney Transplant Surgery

About Kidney

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs on either side of your spine,below your ribs and behind your belly.  They are roughly the size of your fist, and the male kidney is typically a bit larger than the female kidney. The kidneys are well vascularized, receiving about 25 percent of the cardiac output at rest.

Function of Normal kidney

  • Purification of blood by removal of waste products (through urine)  is the most important function of the kidney
  • Kidney regulate fluid balance by excreting excess amount of water as urine while retaining the necessary amount of water in the body, that is essential for living.
  • It is also regulating minerals and chemicals like sodium, potassium, hydrogen, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and bicarbonate and maintains normal composition of body fluid.
  • Kidney produce different hormones (renin, angiotensin, aldosterone, prostaglandin etc) which help regulate water and salt in the body, which plays vital roles in the maintenance of good blood pressure control.it plays an important role in the production of red blood cells (RBC) by Erythropoietin hormone which produce in kidney.

Kidney Transplantation

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly.

Disease of kidney

  • Alport Syndrome
  • Amyloiodsis
  • Alagille Syndrome
  • Cystinosis
  • Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Fabry Disease
  • Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Goodpasture Syndrome
  • Granulomatosis with Polyangitis(GPA)
  • aHUS(Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome)
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
  • Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
  • Intestinal Nephritis
  • IgA Nephropathy (Berger’s Disease)
  • Kidney Stones
  • Minimal Change Disease
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease or PK
  • Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura(TTP)

For any information regarding living liver transplant surgery,we are hear for you 24 hours. you can call us in 91 7016743801 any time.

Disease In Children That Lead To Kidney Transplant

  • Birth defects
  • Hereditary diseases
  • Infection
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Systemic diseases
  • Diseases that affect the blood vessels 
  • Trauma
  • Urine blockage or reflux

Disease In Adult That Lead To Kidney Transplant

  • Alport Syndrome
  • Alagille Syndrome
  • Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Goodpasture Syndrome
  • Granulomatosis with Polyangitis(GPA)
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
  • Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
  • IgA Nephropathy (Berger’s Disease)
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease or PK
  • Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura(TTP)

What is a kidney transplant surgery?

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly.

When is a kidney transplant recommended?

Kidney transplantation is necessary for patients who are suffering from end-stage kidney disease(ESKD) who are on dialysis (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis) or who are approachingend-stage kidney disease (ESKD) but not yet on dialysis (pre-emptive KT).

When is kidney transplant not required in kidney failure?

A patient with acute kidney injury ,cancer,Tuberculosis(TB),Bone Infection,Hepatitis or severe cardiovascular disease should not undergo kidney transplant surgery.

What are the advantages of kidney transplantation?

  1.  For better quality of life
  2. Freedom from dialysis
  3. Shorter waiting time
  4. Longer life expectancy
  5. Lesser dietary and fluid restrictions.
  6. Cost-effectiveness
  7. There is a reported improvement in sexual life and a higher chance of fathering a child in males and becoming pregnant in females.

What are the advantages of kidney transplantation for donor?

  • You Can spent More time with your loved one
  • Positive emotional experiences

What are the disadvantages of kidney transplantation?

  • High cost of surgery
  • Rejection kidney transplant
  • immunosuppressant medicine side effects

What is the age limit for a kidney transplant recipient?

It is usually recommended for persons from 5 to 65 years of age.

What are the likely sources of kidneys for transplantation?

There are three sources of kidneys for transplantation:

  1. Living  donor: blood relatives such as brother,sister,father,mother,son,daughter and etc.
  2. Living non-related donors: like friends, spouses or relatives.
  3. Deceased (cadaver) donors: from victims of brain death.

Who is the ideal kidney donor?

An identical twin is an ideal kidney donor with the best chances of survival after transplantation.

Who can donate a kidney?

A healthy person with two kidneys can donate one kidney as long as the blood group, tissue type and tissue crossmatching are compatible with the receipient.

Who cannot donate a kidney?

Diabetes mellitus, Cancer, HIV, Kidney disease, High blood pressure, Psychiatric illness,These type of  person can’t give the kidney to patient.

What tests are required for evaluation?

Blood and Urine Tests:

  1. Complete Blood Tests(CBC),
  2. Liver Function Tests (LFT),
  3. Renal Function Test (RFT).
  4. Urine test(Routine and micro)

Imagine Tests:

  1. Chest X-RAY
  2. Ultrasound ( Abdomen and Plevis)
  3. MRI,CT Scan,PET-CT Scan(Abdomen and pelvis)

Cardiac Tests:

  1. ECG(Electrocardiogram)
  2. Echocardiogram
  3. Dobutamine stress echocardiogram (DSE)

For women:

  1. Pap Test
  2. Mammogram

All About Living Donor Kidney Transplantation

Why is living-donor kidney transplantation desirable?

  1.  There is an improved survival rate for the adult transplant recipients who received living-donor kidney.
  2. It’s fast and effective surgery then deceased-donor kidney transplant surgery  so that,waiting for kidney transplantation can be greatly reduced.(because ,In deceased donor kidney surgery patient has only option to wait  for it).
  3. Living donor get easily in patient family.
  4. There is almost no risk who give kidney (Living donor patient).

Who can be a living donor?

  • Being in good general health
  • Having a blood type compatible with the recipient
  • Having an altruistic motivation for donating
  • Being between the ages of 20-60
  • In living kidney transplant surgery,patient family give kidney rather then other person.

What are the major risks to a living kidney donor?

there is only a 1% lifetime increase in the donor’s own risk of kidney failure. With a single kidney, most donors live a normal healthy life. After kidney donation sexual life is not affected. A woman can have children and a male donor can father a child. Some possible long-term risks of donating a kidney may include high blood pressure (hypertension),large amount of protein in the urine(protieinuria), hernia.

For any information regarding living kidney transplant surgery,we are hear for you 24 hours. you can call us in 91 7016743801 any time.

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