Aortic Aneurysm

About Aortic Aneurysm

The aorta is the largest blood vessel in the body.It carries blood from your heart up to your head and arms and down to your abdomen, legs, and pelvis. The section of the aorta that runs through the chest is called the thoracic aorta and, as the aorta moves down through the abdomen it is called the abdominal aorta.

An aortic aneurysm is an abnormal enlargement or bulging of the wall of the aorta.The enlargement usually affects only a small part of the vessel, so bulge is a more accurate term.There are two types of aortic aneurysm:Thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA) and Abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Type of Aortic Aneurysm

  • Thoracic aortic aneurysms :These occur in the part of the aorta running through the chest.
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysms : These occur in the part of the aorta running through the abdomen.

Causes and risk factors of Aortic Aneurysm

  • Older age
  • Obesity
  • smoking
  • Family history of heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • History of trauma in abdomen.

Symptoms of Aortic Aneurysm

Symptoms of a thoracic aortic aneurysm

  • Pain in the jaw, neck, and upper back
  • Chest pain(First sign)
  • Back pain
  • Coughing, hoarseness, or difficulty breathing.

Symptoms of a abdominal aortic aneurysm

  • pain spreading from your abdomen or back to your pelvis, legs, or buttocks which not relive when position change.
  • clammy  skin
  • Increased heart rate
  • Shock or loss of consciousness.

Diagnosis of Aortic Aneurysm

  • X-RAY
  • Ultrasound
  • CT Scan
  • MRI
  • PET/CT Scan
  • Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Exercise tests or stress test
  • Cardiac catheterization

Treatments of Aortic Aneurysm

Medications: If it’s less than 5 centimeters, or 2 inches doctors prescribe medicine.

Surgery

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Surgery:

  •  Open abdominal surgery
  •  Endovascular repair

Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Surgery:

  • Open-chest surgery
  • Endovascular surgery

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