Congenital Heart Disease

About Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common type of birth defects.This problem can affect the heart walls,the heart valves,the blood vessels.A baby’s heart starts to develop at conception, but is completely formed by 8 weeks into the pregnancy. Congenital heart defects happen during this important first 8 weeks of the baby’s development.

Some congenital heart defects in children are simple and don’t need treatment.But others children want several surgeries in several years.

Causes of Congenital Heart Hisease

Most congenital heart defects have no known cause,but Certain  risk factors might play a role in the development of heart defect when fetus in womb.

  1. Smoking
  2. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy
  3. German measles (rubella)
  4. Diabetes
  5. Medications
  6. Heredity

Type of Congenital Heart Disease

  1. Atrial septal defect(ASD)
  2. Atrioventricular canal defect
  3. Bicuspid aortic valve
  4. Coarctation of aorta
  5. Congenital aortic stenosis
  6. Congenital mitral valve anomalies
  7. Coronary artery fistula
  8. D-transposition of the great arteries
  9. Ebstein anomaly
  10. Eisnmenger syndrome
  11. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
  12. Kawasaki disease
  13. Long QT syndrome
  14. Patent ductus arteriosus
  15. Patent foramen ovale
  16. Pulmonary stenosis
  17. Pulmonary atresia
  18. Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum
  19. Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septum defect
  20. Tarnsposition of the great arteries
  21. Tetralogy of fallot
  22. Tricuspid atresia
  23. vascular ring
  24. Ventricular septal defect

Symptom of congenital Heart Disease

  • Arrhythmia (abnormal heart beat)
  •  skin, lips and fingernails become  bluish due to lack of blood supply  (cyanosis)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tried easily
  • Swelling of body tissue or organs (edema)

Diagnosis Of Congenital Heart Disease

  1.  Echocardiogram
  2. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  3. Chest X-ray
  4. Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan
  5. Cardiac MRI
  6. Exercise tests or stress tests
  7. Cardiac catheterization

Treatments of Congenital Heart Disease

  • Medication
  • Open heart surgery
  • Heart transplant surgery

Complications of Congenital Heart Disease

  • Stroke
  • Cyanosis
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Slower growth and development
  • Arrhythmia (Heart rhythm problems )
  • Require life long follow up

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