Coronary Artery Disease

About Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary atherosclerosis.It is most common of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the United States.

Causes of Coronary Heart Disease

  1. Older age
  2. Smoking
  3. High blood pressure
  4. High cholesterol
  5. Diabetes or insulin resistance
  6. Sedentary lifestyle
  7. Overweight or obesity
  8. Mental stress
  9. Unhealthy diet(high amounts of saturated fat, trans fat, salt and sugar )

Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease

  1. Chest pain
  2. heaviness
  3. tightness
  4. burning
  5. squeezing
  6. Shortness of breath
  7. pain in the arms or shoulder
  8. Dizziness
  9. sweating

Diagnosis of Coronary Heart Disease

  1. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  2. Echocardiogram
  3. Cardiac catheterization and angiogram
  4. Stress test
  5. Heart scan

Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease

1)Lifestyle changes

  • Quit smoking
  • Eat healthy foods
  • Exercise regularly(yoga,meditation)
  • Lose excess weight
  • Reduce stress

2)Medicine

3) Other Treatment

  • Angioplasty and stent placement
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)

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