Heart Tumor

Cardiac Tumors

Cardiac tumors are abnormal growths in the heart or heart valves.It is rare tumors which can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). benign tumors are slow growing and often harmless depending on where in the body they are located while Malignant tumors are fast growing and likely to spread to other parts of the body quickly.

 Type of Heart Tumors

Primary Tumors

  1. Myxoma
  2. Papillary fibroelastomas
  3. Fibromas
  4. Rhabdomyomas
  5. Hemangiomas
  6. Teratomas
  7. Lipomas
  8. Paragangliomas
  9. Pericardial cysts

Malignant primary heart (cardiac) tumors

  1. Sarcoma
  2. Pericardial mesothelioma
  3. Primary lymphoma

Secondary Tumors

Secondary cardiac tumors are much more common than primary tumors. They do not start in the heart.They move to the heart after developing in another area of the body such as lungs, breasts, stomach, kidneys, liver or colon.

Causes and Risk Factors

  1. Tobacco
  2. Radiation
  3. Certain viruses
  4. Exposure to the sun
  5. Poisonous mushrooms
  6. Benzene

Symptom of Heart Tumors

  • Difficulty breathing when lying flat or when asleep.
  • Fainting and dizziness.
  • Palpitations or rapid heart rate.
  • Chest pain
  • Fever or cough.
  • Involuntary weight loss.
  • Joint pain.
  • Fingers that change color, or turn blue (Raynaud’s phenomenon), when pressure is applied.
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles or abdomen.

Diagnosis of Heart Tumors

  1. Echocardiogram 
  2. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  3. Chest X-ray
  4. Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan
  5. Cardiac MRI
  6. Exercise tests or stress

Treatment of Heart Tumors

surgery

Surgery to remove the tumor is usually the treatment of choice.primary cancerous tumors are likely to be treated with radiation or chemotherapy, since they cannot be removed surgically.

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