Myocarditis

About Myocarditis

Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscles. Myocarditis can affect your heart muscle and your heart’s electrical system, reducing your heart’s ability to pump and causing rapid or abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmia).

Causes of Myocarditis

Viruses

  1. Adenovirus
  2. Hepatitis B and C;
  3. Parvovirus
  4. Herpes simplex virus.
  5. Gastrointestinal infections (echoviruses)
  6. Mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus)
  7. German measles (rubella)
  8.  HIV virus

Bacteria

  1. Staphylococcus
  2. Streptococcus

Parasites

  1. Trypanosoma cruzi
  2. Toxoplasma

Fungi

  1. Candida
  2. Molds
  3. Apergillus
  4. Histoplasma

Symptom of Myocarditis

  1. Chest pain (frequent)
  2. Rapid or abnormal heart beat
  3. Shortness of breath
  4. Swelling of  legs, ankles and feet
  5. Fever
  6. Headache
  7. Sore throat or diarrhea
  8. Fatigue
  9. joint pain

Diagnosis of Myocarditis

  1. Blood tests 
  2. Echocardiogram
  3. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  4. Chest X-ray
  5. Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan
  6. Cardiac MRI

Treatment of Myocarditis

  • Corticosteroid therapy (to help reduce inflammation)
  • Cardiac medications, such as a beta-blocker, ACE inhibitor, or ARB
  • Antibiotic therapy
  • Diuretic therapy when fluid overload

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